Chto Delat? (What is to be Done?) is a Russian collective named after Lenin’s famed political pamphlet. It was founded in early 2003, in St. Petersburg, with the goal of merging political theory, art, and activism by a workgroup of artists, critics, philosophers, and writers from St. Petersburg, Moscow, and Nizhny Novgorod. Chto Delat? works through collective initiatives organized by “art soviets,” radical artists inspired by the councils formed in revolutionary Russia during the early twentieth century. These art soviets aim to trigger a social model of democracy, which allows future generations to embed new forms of solidarity into contemporary cultural work. The collective has been featured in exhibitions at numerous venues, including the Contemporary Arts Museum, Houston (2012); Ukranian Biennale of Contemporary Art, Kiev (2012); Kunsthochschule für Medien Köln (Academy of Media Arts Cologne, 2011); Institute of Contemporary Art, London (2010); Sydney Biennale (2010); Van Abbemuseum, Eindhoven (2009); and Prague Biennale (2007).