Artur Żmijewski, born in 1966 in Warsaw, Poland, is a filmmaker and photographer. He often adapts the strategies of political action in his work, creating scenarios that cause a stir among otherwise passive participants, and then documenting their reactions. He also explores long-term trauma caused by historical and sociopolitical events. In 2009, Żmijewski presented Democracies, a series of short documentary films, at Galeria Foksal in Warsaw, and produced new work for The Museum of Modern Art in New York, as part of their Projects series. In 2009-10, Cornerhouse, in Manchester, presented the first major UK survey of the artist’s work, spanning his practice from 2003 to 2010. Żmijewski has also exhibited at the Wattis Institute for Contemporary Art, San Francisco (2012, 2005); Documenta 12 (2007); Zachęta Narodowa Galeria Sztuki, Warsaw (2005); Šiuolaikinio meno centras (Contemporary Art Center), Vilnius (2004); Kunst-Werke Institute for Contemporary Art, Berlin (2004); Manifesta 4 (2002); and Moderna Museet, Stockholm (1999). He was the curator of the Berlin Biennale in 2012.